How Tattoos Work

Tattoos have grown in popularity for decades. Ever since the 70s, tattoos became mainstream, a part of global and Western fashion, common among both sexes, to all economic classes, and to age groups from the later teen years to middle age, however, a large number of individuals still fail to grasp what the process is of getting a tattoo and the reasoning behind it. Tattoos aid the individual an inventive voice. They showcase artistic liberty or exercise cultural practices and tradition. Many tattoos have a symbolic significance for the individual, having their tattoos be the narrative of their life. Regardless of the reason, due to the immense curiosity within the tattoo industry, society needs to be educated and have a better understanding of the practice.

Tattoo artists will apply tattoo ink using a specialized mechanical machine (also known as a tattoo gun) operated by a foot pedal. These machines may have one or more needles. The machine works by pricking your skin with the needle to apply the design onto your skin. This varies between fifty to three thousand times per minute. It may feel as though the needle is piercing the skin much deeper than what it actually is, which is only in fact, penetrating one or two millimeters deep. As the needle pierces through the skin, ink is placed into the dermis. The dermis is the second layer of skin after the epidermis. The body recognizes that the skin is being impaired and responds accordingly. White blood cells are sent to the penetrated area to deal with the invasion of the skin. The white blood cells work by trying to absorb the invading foreign bodies and attempt to get rid of it via the bloodstream.

The pigment particles of the ink are too big for the white blood cells to break down. This means that the white cells cannot absorb the ink particles and this is why the ink particles are able to stay in the skin. Some small particles are removed (this is why a tattoo always looks its best right after you have had it done), but the majority will remain in position permanently. An important aspect is how far into the skin the ink is placed. If the ink is not placed deep enough it may stay in the epidermis, which may cause your piece to be distorted. As your body undertakes its regular process of regeneration, the ink may be carried away.

When the ink is applied too deep into the skin, this can cause blurred lines (also known as tattoo blowout). This is because the pigment transfers further than planned. Depending on the level of your artist’s experience, your inked piece should look fresh and maintain its clarity over the years. Placing the ink in the desired area as well as attaining the correct depth requires skill, and it is not injected as many people would assume. Tattoo needles is a piece of metal that has several ends to it, and the ink is held between them. When you see the artist dipping the end of the machine into the ink, it is sucking the ink up between the needles. As the needle penetrates the skin, the ink is then transferred into the skin. The needles with fewer ends are usually used for more detailed work, like outlining, and the ones with more ends are used for shading and coloring larger areas.

What are the ingredients of tattoo ink?

Majority of those who have tattoos rarely question or educate themselves on which types of ink are most commonly used and what are the ingredients. There are a variety of brands of ink, and their ingredients will vary. Blends are made according to the ink color. Tattoo inks showcase two variables: pigments and their carrier. The color of the ink is the deciding factor regarding the ingredients for the pigment. You can now also find vegan tattoo inks (yes, our Radiant Colors Tattoo Inks are vegan friendly!, generally you would need to request your artist to order them in for you. When choosing PHiNK Tattoo Studio, we can guarantee vegan tattoo inks. Vegan tattoo inks are becoming much more popular today.

These inks are non-toxic and do not contain any animal products. Their ingredients could include:

· Vegetable glycerin

· Hamamelis (witch hazel)

· Carbon and logwood

· Titanium dioxide

· Turmeric

· Sodium, aluminum, and copper

· Monoazo

· Dioxazine and carbazole

· Naphthol

· Carrier

Tattoo inks also include a carrier. The carrier assists the ink to the dermis of the skin. The carrier works as a disinfectant avoiding pathogens from growing in the ink. Alcohol based carriers simplify the process. As it assists in making the skin more penetrable. At this point the pigments have been given assistance in reaching deeper layers of the dermis.

Common ingredients used as carriers are:

· Glycerine

· Propylene glycol

· Aldehydes

· Ethyl alcohol

· Denatured alcohol

Getting a tattoo puts you at risk of not only infection, but of allergies too, therefore choosing the right tattoo studio is imperative. If you are prone to allergies, it would be advisable to ask us to conduct a skin test beforehand. Here at PHiNK Tattoo Studio we pride ourselves on using only top quality inks such as Radiant Colors which have been ranked by a number of researchers, as one of the Top 10 Best Tattoo Brands in 2020. The Radiant crew worked closely with notorious tattoo artists from all parts of the world, using sophisticated technology to create a sterilized, uncut homogenized pigment which produces solid, long-lasting lively colors.

All Radiant Colors products/are sterilized and vegan which is of the utmost importance to us when selecting the best products to utilize in our shop. When choosing PHiNK Tattoo Studio, your safety and comfort is of top priority therefore we source only the best products offering high quality services. Radiant has a highly influential team of amazing sponsored artists and ambassadors who proudly use their tattoo ink every day - producing some of the most brilliant work ever seen such as artist Victor Portugal himself.

PHiNK Tattoo Studio inks, needles & essential equipment have all been purchased directly from the USA, ensuring the same stringent health & safety standards from California to our shop & Artists.

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